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Vitiligo - Leucoderma Causes

Cause of Vitiligo & Leucoderma

(What is the difference between Vitiligo & Leucoderma ? ) 

What is the cause of Vitiligo? As a Vitiligo Specialty Clinic, we encounter this most common and most asked question quite often.  
"Melanin" is the pigment which provides skin its appearance and colour. Absence of melanin over skin results into colourless "white spot" which is termed Vitiligo. The whitening of skin is caused due to destruction of melanin producing cells. Sometimes these cells get into dormancy & sometimes the cells gets completely dead. The most known reason behind cell destruction process remains "Autoimmunity". The state of autoimmunity defines that body immune system is in self-destruction status at some places and it starts killing its own cells over weaker areas. Apart from other reasons, the condition of autoimmunity can occur also due to bad or odd food combinations like eating milk and non-vegetarian items together and many more other reasons of food intake which ultimately form toxins. There are lot of other odd-food examples available through primitive sayings also.  
Prime cause of Vitiligo could be "autoimmunity". Vitiligo & Leucoderma can occur either due to a disturbance in the formation of melanin or its complete loss from the skin. The emerged white spot gradually enlarges forming a larger patch. Patches remain stable through whole life in some cases. But in majority of cases the spots spread spontaneously forming new spots and those new spots have the tendency to merge into each other covering a larger skin area. In few cases only one spot emerges and enlarge spontaneously covering a larger area of skin.  

Other relevant causes & symptoms of Vitiligo are as:
Cause of Vitiligo
  • Odd food combination (e.g. milk and non-vegetarian food) 
  • Regular stress or tension
  • History of Liver disease
  • Sudden Traumatic condition
  • Improper Hygiene & abrupt Lifestyle
  • Family history of Vitiligo
  • Longer use of Antibiotics & Cortison
  • Frequent Climatic variations
  • Too much intake of Citrus items  
  • Hashimoto's Thyoiditis   


Is Vitiligo a Skin Disease ?
Vitiligo appears over skin due to lack of pigments. Generally, it comes silently as no irritation, itching or pain is observed over the white patch area. 

Terming Vitiligo a Skin disease is not wise as it is mostly symptomless. Skin care creams, antibiotics etc are helpless in vitiligo as observed. Some steroid creams are widely prescribed by dermatologists which could be initially helpful only. As stopping those is seen to be expanding vitiligo rapidly. These are prescribed for temporary results only as they can’t work internally.

Vitiligo is related to IMMUNE system as widely accepted by most of the Doctors & Researchers.

Medicines which can work on strengthening IMMUNE system seen to be helping much in vitiligo. Ayurveda has such treatments which works on roots of immunity. 
Symptoms of Vitiligo 
  • Depigmentation of skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • White hairs over skin
  • Premature greying (sometimes)
  • Recurrent cold and cough (sometimes)
  • Halo nevus
  • Lichen planus
Improper hygiene is considered to be the most acceptable known reason for "Auto-immunity" according to Ayurveda. People suffering from vitiligo in ages of 22 - 40 years mostly but lot of small kids can be seen having vitiligo mostly due to their improper dietary habits. Daily intake of junk food as main food can lead to the condition of autoimmunity, which may push them into the stage of vitiligo. Lot of other auto-immune disorders like diabetes, hypo or hyper thyroidism, alopecia etc. can also occur to such kids.   

Vitiligo sometimes has hereditary reasons also. But hereditary factor is responsible only 10-20% for Vitiligo. Most of the cases can be seen without having any family history of vitiligo and on the other hand there are families with history of vitiligo with no sign of Vitiligo in their next generation. 

New cases of vitiligo are seen with onset reasons as - harsh antibiotic use, pesticide treated vegetable intake, jaundice, or repeated typhoid history etc. The mentioned reason of vitiligo basically hampers the function of pigment producing cells - "melanocytes". In some Vitiligo lesions, complete loss of melanocytes can also be seen. Moreover, dormancy of melanocyte is more common in vitiligo.   

Apart from this, Leucoderma has different cause of onset. The difference between Vitiligo and Leucoderma is related to only their onset. Vitiligo is self-generated while Leucoderma can occur after a cut, a burn or after allergy from some chemical may it be your deodorant, perfume or any other beauty product. Basically cause of Leucoderma can be said accidental. Leucoderma cure is possibly faster than vitiligo cure. After formation of the patch the line of treatment of Leucoderma is same as treatment of vitiligo.

Vitiligo and Leucoderma are popularly also known as white patches. Vitiligo and Leucoderma are both Latin words which literally mean defective blemishes on skin and white skin respectively.  Ayurveda is the 5000-year-old ancient system of medical science. Vitiligo & Leucoderma are termed ‘Kilas’ as per Ayurveda texts. As this is tridosaj, Vitiligo is further known as 'Switra', ‘Charun’ and 'Darun. It is a skin disorder formed due to disturbance of tridosas namely ‘Vaat’, ‘Pitta’ and ‘Kapha’ and mainly due to inappropriate food combinations/habits in regular manner. In further aggravated condition it moves & affects more dhatus as rakta, mans and med as per Ayurveda. 
According to Ayurvedia Vitiligo occurs maily due to these regimens:    

      •   Intake of mutually contradictory food (Virudh aahar sevan) and drinks which are liquid, unctuous and heavy

      •   Suppression of natural urges

      •   Doing physical exercise in excessive heat or doing exercise after taking heavy meal

      •   Regular stress or sudden trauma
                                                                                                                         Vitiligo causes & treatment
Melanocytes cells & Melanin pigment production

In human skin melanin is produced from the amino-acid named "tyrosin" by the action of copper-containing enzyme "tyrosinase". This enzyme is present in the melanocytes, which are located in the basal cell layer and transfer their pigment to the keratinising cells of the epidermis by means of their dendrite processes. In Vitiligo this pigment is lost along with the keratinised cell during exfoliation of skin. 
Working on root-cause of Vitiligo has made its treatment successful by use of Ayurvedic herbal preparations. This is required for long lasting results with no relapse of the disease. Strengthening immunity and re-pigmentation is the key treatment for Vitiligo which is done by Ayurhealthline.   


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Disclaimer *Results may vary person to person*