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Vitiligo - Leucoderma Causes

Causes of Vitiligo & Leucoderma

( What is the difference between Vitiligo & Leucoderma ? )

What is the cause of Vitiligo? As a Vitiligo Specialty Clinic we encounter this most common and most asked question quite often. 

"Melanin" is the pigment which is responsible for providing skin its colour. Absence of melanin over skin results into colourless "white spot" which is termed Vitiligo. The whitening of skin happens due to destruction of melanin producing cells. The reason behind cell destruction process is "Autoimmunity". The state of autoimmunity defines that body immune system is in self-destrustion status. It starts killing its own cells. It can occur due to bad or odd food combinations like eating milk and non-vegetarian items together and many more other reasons of food intake which ultimately form toxins. There are lot of other odd-food examples available through primitive sayings also.  

Prime cause of Vitiligo could be "Auto-immunity". Vitiligo & Leucoderma can occur either due to a disturbance in the formation of melanin or its complete loss from the skin. The formed white spot gradually gets enlarge and forms a larger patch. In some cases these patches remain stagnant through whole life. But in most of the cases these spread spontaneously and merge to each other covering most of the skin area. Alternately, in many cases only one patch enlarge spontaneously covering a larger skin area. 

Improper hygiene is considered to be the most acceptable known reason for "Auto-immunity" according to Ayurveda. People suffering from vitiligo in ages of 22 - 40 years mostly but lot of small kids can be seen having vitiligo mostly due to the their improper dietary habits. Daily intake of junk food as main food can lead to the condition of autoimmunity, which may push them into the stage of vitiligo. Lot of other auto-immune disorders like diabetes, hypo or hyper thyroidism, alopecia etc. can also occur to such kids.  

Vitiligo sometimes has hereditary reasons also. But hereditary factor is responsible only 10-20% for Vitiligo. Most of the cases can be seen without having any family history of vitiligo and on the other hand there are families with history of vitiligo with no sign of Vitiligo in their next generation.

New cases of vitiligo are seen with onset reasons as - harsh antibiotic use, pesticide treated vegetable intake, jaundice or repeated typhoid history etc. The mentioned reasons of vitiligo basically hampers the function of pigment producing cells - "melanocytes". Complete loss of melanocytes can also be seen in vitiligo lesions. Moreover dormancy of melanocyte is more common in vitiligo.  

Apart from this, Leucoderma has different cause of onset. The difference between Vitiligo and Leucoderma is related to only their onset. Vitiligo is self-generated while Leucoderma can occur after a cut, a burn or after allergy from some chemical may it be your deoderant, perfume or any other beauty product. Basically cause of Leucoderma can be said accidental. Leucoderma cure is possibly faster than vitiligo cure. 

After formation of the patch the line of treatment of Leucoderma is same as treatment of vitiligo.

Vitiligo and leucoderma are popularly also known as white patches. Vitiligo and Leucoderma are both Latin words which literally mean defective blemishes on skin and white skin respectively. 

Ayurveda is the most ancient system of medicine. According to Ayurveda Vitiligo & Leucoderma are termed ‘Kilas’. It is further known as ‘Darun’, ‘Charun’ and ‘Switr’ as this is tridosaj. It is a skin disorder mainly due to inappropriate diet combination intake regularly and formed due to disturbance of tridosas namely ‘Vaat’, ‘Pitta’ and ‘Kapha’. After aggravation it moves & affects to rakta, mans and med dhatus. 

According to Ayurvedic texts Vitiligo is developed due to these regimens:   

      •   Intake of mutually contradictory food (Virudh aahar sevan) and drinks which are liquid, unctuous and heavy;

      •   Suppression of natural urges; 

      •   Performance of physical exercise in excessive heat and after taking very heavy meals;

      •   Regular stress or sudden trauma;


Melanocytes cells & Melanin pigment production


In human skin melanin is produced from the amino-acid named "tyrosin" by the action of copper-containing enzyme "tyrosinase". This enzyme is present in the melanocytes, which are located in the basal cell layer and transfer their pigment to the keratinising cells of the epidermis by means of their dendrite processes. In Vitiligo this pigment is lost along with the keratinised cell during exfoliation of skin. 

Working on root-cause of Vitiligo has made its treatment successful by use of Ayurvedic herbal preparations. This is required for long lasting results with no relapse of the disease. Strenthening immunity and repigmaentation is the key treatment for Vitiligo which is done by Ayurhealthline.   

Know more about Anti Vitiligo treatment.

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Disclaimer *Results may vary person to person*